The purpose of this pamphlet is to examine the theory and practice of Marxism as it relates to women's liberation. In response to feminist criticism, many Marxists have been unnecessarily defensive. In reality, the revolutionary Marxist tradition has a proud record. This is very clear when we compare the politics and activities of the 'first-wave' bourgeois feminist movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century with those of their Marxist contemporaries. Any theory which sees gender rather than class divisions as fundamental ultimately ends up with the same limitations and weaknesses. Marxism, however, sees the struggle for socialism as inextricably bound with the struggle for women's liberation.