In the creation of a new society, there are always winners and losers. So it was in Australia as it grew through invasion, settlement and development from a colonial outpost to an affluent industrial society. This book tells the history of Australia from the standpoint of those who were dispossessed, the original Australians. Too often, Australian history is recounted as a saga of progress by a developing white nation toward the "bigger and better"; this book sees that process from the other side. It reveals what White Australia lost by its massive and unremitting onslaught on Aboriginal culture and it reveals how Aborigines, in different ways, have attempted to maintain their distinctive identity in the face of hostility, ignorance and exploitation. This is a timely book which provides the historical background to an important and controversial feature of contemporary Australia. "Richard Broome has taught Australian history for ten years at the University of Sydney and La Trobe University (Melbourne), and is currently working on the History of Victoria Project at the University of Melbourne.". This book is intended for students and researchers in race relations, aboriginal studies, anthropology and history.