The Baku Congress was the most decisive step taken by the early Communist International to forge an alliance with the oppressed peoples of the East. Held under siege conditions in Red Azerbaidzhan in the midst of the Russian Civil War, it united Communist Party delegates and representatives of the liberation movements. Presided over by Zinoviev, Chairman of the International, the Congress issued a call for war to the death against British Imperialism. Its proceedings contain valuable lessons for the struggle to unite the colonial struggle with the battles of the European working class today. This volume contains the full stenographic record, translated for the first time from the Russian and annotated by Brian Pierce.