After a life spanning the whole history of the NSW branch of the ALP, John Thomas Lang died in 1975 in his 99th year. He had known J.C Watson, Australia's first Labor Prime Minister, he knew E.G. Whitlam.
Labor Premier twice, he was twice expelled from the ALP. He shared with Whitlam the distinction of being dismissed from office by vice-regal dictate. In the election after his dismissal he was defeated by a campaign based on the Red Menace, yet he later went on to wage a relentless vendetta against the Communist Party.
During the Great Depression he denounced overseas control of Australia's finances, yet he urged closer economic links with the USA after WWII. A radical Australian nationalist in the 1930s, he was a cold war warrior in the late 1940s. His many enemies and his supporters could agree on one thing - for over three decades he was a force to be reckoned with in NSW politics.